Jorge Mestre-Ferrandiz is an independent economics consultant, based in Madrid, Spain, having spent 15 years at The Office of Health Economics with various positions including as an Industrial Economist and as Director of Consulting. Jorge has over 15 years’ experience consulting to the pharmaceutical industry and related non-profit organisations and his clients have included a number of global top 30 pharmaceutical companies and a range of NGOs. He specialises in the economics of the industry, the pricing and reimbursement of medicines, the impact of public policy on innovation, market access, the economics of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and pharmaceutical product portfolios. Jorge has a PhD in Economic Analysis from the University Autonoma of Barcelona, has published over 50 papers on health economics and is regularly invited to speak on related topics at academic and commercial international conferences. He is a Visiting Fellow at OHE, Director, Oxford Martin Programme on Affordable Medicines, Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford, an Honorary Visiting Lecturer at the Department of Economics, City University London, and Health Economics Professor at Instituto de Empresa (IE) Business School, Madrid.